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animal welfare, forensics, legislation, vet, veterinary, veterinary CPD, veterinary nurse -

Vetstream is pleased to welcome a new content provider, Forensic Access, to its range of online CPD courses to Vetacademy

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Respiratory diseases are very common in horses, with numerous causes. Streptococcus equi infection (Strangles) and Equine influenza are common infectious diseases caused by bacterial and viral pathogens; these are common in young horses and horses kept in large herds. Non-infectious lower respiratory tract diseases such as inflammatory airway disease (IAD), recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) and summer pasture associated RAO (SPARAO) are also common.    Strangles is caused by Streptococcus equi subsp equi and is a highly contagious upper respiratory tract disease transmitted by inhalation or direction contact. In the pharynx, toxins and enzymes lead to sever tissue damage causing lympadenitis and abscessation. Mortality is rare but can be up to 8-10% in individual outbreaks.    Equine influenza in an epizootic disease of the upper and lower respiratory tract. Caused by the equine influenza A virus (two main strains are H7N7 and H3N8) the disease is generally...

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The three phases of wound healing are:  Inflammatory  Proliferation  Maturation  It is important to remember that wound healing does not always occur in a linear fashion and so there can be overlap between the different phases of wound healing in any given wound.  The inflammatory phase starts at the point of injury and in experimental wounds the inflammatory phase is complete in approximately 5 days. The inflammatory phase is characterized by both vascular and cellular responses.  In uncomplicated wounds the proliferative phase may start as early as 3-5 days following injury. During this phase of wound healing granulation tissue will form in the...

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Vetstream Ltd have announced the arrival of a very comprehensive range of CPD/CE eLearning Modules on soft tissue surgery and surgical oncology on Vetacademy from Professor John Berg DVM DACVS, from Tufts University’s Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine.  Available as 42 individual topics, or in 7 ready-to-go and discounted bundles, the online CPD/CE is presented by Prof. Berg in the form of detailed video and audio modules. Each module is accompanied by a quiz enabling learners to check their understanding and if they achieve the required pass mark, will be provided with a printable certificate to prove their achievement for CPD/CE Records.The...

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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is indicated for any patient that is unresponsive or apnoeic or if a pulse cannot be identified in the patient. The success rate of CPR to return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) is between 30-45%, however discharge from hospital is <5%.  A full cycle of Basic Life Support is 2 minutes long and focuses on ABC: Airway, breathing and circulation.  Airway: visualize airway and place endotracheal tube.  Breathing: ventilate with oxygen at 10 breaths per minute. Ventilation can be achieved with an anaesthetic circuit although an ambu bag is preferred.  Circulation: with patient in lateral recumbency, begin cardiac compressions at...

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